Wednesday, 17 September 2014

Hot Rod Remote Events #3: Customizing events

This blog post is the third in a series that looks at the forthcoming Hot Rod Remote Events functionality included in Infinispan 7.0. In the first article we looked at how to get started receiving remote events from Hot Rod servers. In the second article, we saw how Hot Rod remote events can be filtered providing key/value filter factories that can create instances that filter which events are sent to clients, and how these filters can act on client provided information.

This time we are going to focus on how to customize events sent to clients. Events generated by default contain just enough information to make the event relevant but avoid cramming too much information in order to reduce the cost of sending them. Normally, this information consists of key and type of event.

Optionally, the information shipped in these events can be customized in order to contain more information, such as values, or to contain even less information. This customization is done with org.infinispan.notifications.cachelistener.filter.CacheEventConverter instances which are created by implementing a org.infinispan.notifications.cachelistener.filter.CacheEventConverterFactory class. Each factory must have a name associated to it via the org.infinispan.filter.NamedFactory annotation.

When a listener is added, we can provide the name of a converter factory to use with this listener, and when the listener is added, the server will look up the factory and invoke getConverter method to get a org.infinispan.notifications.cachelistener.filter.CacheEventConverter class instance to customize events server side.

Here's a sample implementation which will send custom events containing value information back to clients for a cache of Integers and Strings:

In the example above, the converter generates a new custom event which includes the value as well as the key in the event. This will result in bigger event payloads compared with default events, but if combined with filtering, it can reduce its network bandwidth cost.

In another converter implementation, the user could decide to send back an event that contains no key or event type information. This would result in extremely lightweight events at the expense of richness of information provided by the event itself.

Plugging the server with this converter requires deploying this converter factory (and associated converter class) within a jar file including a service definition inside the META-INF/services/org.infinispan.notifications.cachelistener.filter.CacheEventConverterFactory file:

With the server plugged with the converter, the next step is adding a remote client listener that will use this converter. How to implement a listener for custom events is slightly different to the listeners we've seen in the last couple of blog posts because we know have to deal with customised events as opposed to the default ones. To do so, the same annotations are used as previous blog posts, but the callbacks receive instances of org.infinispan.client.hotrod.event.ClientCacheEntryCustomEvent<T>, where T is the type of custom event we are sending from the server:

Now it's time to write a simple main java class which adds the remote event listener and executes some operations against the remote cache:

Once executed, we should see a console console output similar to this:

Similar to events, converters can also act on client provided information, enabling converter instances to customize events depending on the information given when the listener was added. The API provides an extra parameter to pass in converter parameters when the listener is added. Given the similarities with filtering, this part is not covered by this blog post.

A final note on the marshalling aspects of this example. In order to facilitate both server and client writing against type safe APIs, both the client and server need to be aware of custom event type and be able to marshall it. Client side, this is done by an optional marshaller configurable via the RemoteCacheManager. Server side, this is done by a marshaller recently added to the Hot Rod server configuration.

In the next blog post in the Hot Rod remote events series, we will look at how to receive remote events in a clustered environment, how to deal with failover situations...etc.



  1. I need to know how add the jar file to remote server. Help!

  2. You can put the jar in the deployments folder or use one of the wildfly deploy plugins available for maven and other tools

  3. Hi! I'm trying to use your example, but get the following error when I'm trying to deploy the prepared JAR file to Infinispan: "Unable to instantiate class {my.packages.ValueAddedConverterFactory} java.lang.NoSuchMethodException:{my.packages.ValueAddedConverterFactory}.()"
    How should I proceed?

    1. Hmmm, did you make sure the class is public and that it has an empty constructor?

  4. Hi! I'm trying to use this example, but get the following error when deploying the prepared JAR to Infinispan: "Unable to instantiate class my.packages.ValueAddedConverterFactory: java.lang.NoSuchMethodException:my.packages.ValueAddedConverterFactory.()"

    I have the org.infinispan.notifications.cachelistener.filter.CacheEventConverterFactory file with the correct content "my.packages.ValueAddedConverterFactory" created. What else should I try?